July 2014 ISSUE

 
GLOSSARY

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RDA: Recommended Dietary Allowances; the levels of intake of essential nutrients considered to be adequate to meet the known nutritional needs of practically all healthy persons.

RDIs: Reference Daily Intakes: the RDI is used in food labeling as the recommended dairly intake for protein and selected vitamins and minerals. It replaces the old U.S. RDA.

Regeneration: repair, regrowth or restoration of a part such as tissue.

Regional fat distribution: deposition of fat in different regions of the body.

Relative-weight method: a method of determining obesity by comparing the weight of an individual to standardized height and weight tables.

Repetition maximum (RM): in weight training, the amount of weight that can be lifted for a specific number of repetitions.

Repetitions: in relation to weight training or interval training, the number of times that an exercise is done.

Resting energy expenditure (REE): the energy required to drive all physiological processes while in a state of rest.

Retinol: vitamin A.

Riboflavin: vitamin B-2, a member of the B complex.

RICE: rest, ice, compression, elevation; the prescribed treatment for sprains and injuries.

RMR: resting metabolic rate

RNA: ribonucleic acid; nuclear material involved in the formation of proteins in cells.

RPE: rating of perceived exertion: a subjective rating, on a numerical scale, used to express the perceived difficulty of a given work task.

Running: although the distinction between running and jogging is relative to the individual, a common value used for running is 7 mph or faster.

Before attempting any exercise or diet modification, always consult a fitness or medical professional.
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