August 2014 ISSUE

 
GLOSSARY

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Tendinitis: inflammation of the tendon.

Target heart rate: in an aerobic exercise program, the heart rate level that will provide the stimulus for a beneficial training effect.

Testosterone: the male sex hormone responsible for male secondary sex characteristics at puberty; it has anabolic and androgenic effects.

Thermic effect of exercise (TEE): increased muscular contraction produces additional heat.

Thermic effect of food (TEF): the increased body heat production associated with the digestion, assimilation and metabolism of energy nutrients in a meal just consumed.

Thermogenesis: the production of heat; metabolic processes in the body generate heat constantly.

Thiamin: vitamin B1

Threonine: an essential amino acid.

Threshold stimulus: the minimal level of exercise intensity needed to stimulate gains in physical fitness.

Thyroxine: a hormone secreted by the thyroid gland that is involved in the control of the metabolic rate.

Total body fat: the sum total of the body’s storage fat and essential fat stores.

Trace minerals: those minerals essential to human nutrition that have an RDA less than 100 mg.

Trans fatty acids: unsaturated fatty acids in which the hydrogen ions are on opposite sides of the double bond.

Trigger points: small hyperirritable areas within a muscle.

Triglycerides: one of the many fats formed by the union of glycerol and fatty acids.

Tryptophan: an essential amino acid.

Type I muscle fiber: the slow-twitch red fiber that provides energy primarily by the oxygen system.

Type IIa muscle fiber: the fast-twitch red fiber that provides energy by both the oxygen system and the lactic acid system.

Type IIb muscle fiber: The fast-twitch white fiber that provides energy primarily by the lactic acid system.

Tyrosine: a nonessential amino acid.
Before attempting any exercise or diet modification, always consult a fitness or medical professional.
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